In the name of Allah
The All Compassionate, the All Merciful
15 Jamadial-Awwal 1439 (2 February 2018)
Islamic Universal Association
20 Penzance Place, Holland Park
London, W11 4 PG
Sins in Islam- Part 24
Tawbah is derived from the Arabic word ‘Taaba’, i.e to return. Tawbah thus means turning back in repentance and showing regret for the error and the sin one has committed. The clear concept of Tawbah is as follows:
According to Imam Ali (a.s) repentance or tawbah is based on six pillars. It has been reported that when someone said, ‘Astaghfirullah’ (I ask Allah’s forgiveness), in his presence, he advised thus:
“Your mother may lose you! Do you know what ‘istighfar’ (asking Allah’s forgiveness) is? Istighfar is meant for people of a high position. It is a word that stands on six supports. The first is to repent over the past; the second is to make a firm determination never to revert to it; the third is to discharge all the rights of people so that you may meet Allah pure and with nothing to account for; the fourth is to fulfil every obligation which you have ignored in the past, so that you may now revert to justice; the fifth is to remove by penitence the flesh grown as a result of unlawful earning until the skin touches the bone and a new flesh grows between them; and the sixth is to make the body taste the pain of obedience as you have previously made it taste the sweetness of disobedience. On such an occasion you may say, Astaghfirullah.” (Short Sayings No. 417, Nahjul Balagha)
Martyrdom of Fatima (a.s) – Part 1
According to an authentic tradition, the 13th of Jamadial Awaal is the martyrdom anniversary of Hazrat Fatima (a.s) and I express my condolences to Imam Mahdi (a.t.f) and the lovers of the Ahlul Bait. Due to this sad occasion, today I will discuss her impeccable life.
The Prophet of Islam had only one daughter, Fatima (a.s). Her mother, Khadijah, had two other daughters from her earlier marriages. When the Prophet (s.a) married her, both her daughters came with her to live in the house of the Holy Prophet (s.a). Fatima (a.s) was born 5 years after Bisat (the first revelation) on the 20th of Jamadial-Thani in Mecca. The Holy Prophet (s.a) regarded her as an angel in human form; she was an inseparable part of him. He would be overwhelmed with joy whenever he set eyes on her. She has several titles; it has been reported in Bahjatul Qalbil Al-Mustafa on page 147 that Imam Jaffar Sadeq (a.s) has said: “My great grandmother, Fatima, has nine titles which have been chosen by Allah, namely, Fatima As-Siddiqa, Al-Mubaraka, Ai-Tahira, Az-Zakiyya, Ar-Raziyya, Al-Marziyya, Al-Muhadatha and Az-Zahra.”
Fatima (a.s)’s childhood was intensively troubled, being the early days of Islam. She witnessed the sufferings and the increasing pressure imposed by the disbelievers on her father, but she was always at his side to help him. After the death of her mother she looked after him so devoutly that he used to call her “Umme Abiha”, i.e. the mother of her father. This was the hardest time for the family because in the same year Abu Talib, who was the protector of the Holy Prophet (s.a), also died and the hostility of the Quraish was then the severest. She saw and dressed the wounds sustained by her father due to the stones thrown on him by the disbelievers. The Holy Prophet (s.a) subsequently married Umme Salama, a widow. When Umme Salama was asked to tutor Fatima (a.s), she said: “How can I tutor one who is the personification of high virtues and purity. On the contrary, I should learn from her.”
Fatima (a.s) was left in Mecca with the rest of the family which included Umme Salama, Fatima binte Asad (Ali’s mother), and others when the Holy Prophet (s.a) migrated to Medina. Ali (a.s) was in charge of the family. They followed the Holy Prophet (s.a) after 3 days, as Ali (a.s) had to carry out some obligations and duties. Fatima (a.s) married Ali (a.s) 2 years after Hijrat in the simplest of ceremonies. She was the model of the Holy Prophet (s.a)’s teaching among women just as Ali (a.s) was the best embodiment of his instructions and qualities among men. They were the most suitable married couple. As we all know, they were blessed with four children who were endowed with all the elements of righteousness and piety. Hassan (as) was born in 3 Hijri, Hussain (a.s) in 4 Hijri, , Zainab in 6 Hijri and Umme Kulthoom in 7 Hijri.
Ayah 33 of Surah Al-Azhab (the Verse of Purification) was revealed to the Holy Prophet (s.a) from Fatima (a.s)’s house: “Allah wishes to keep off from you every kind of abomination (Ar-Rijs), O’ members of the family (of the Prophet), and to purify you with a thorough purification” It was in this very house that Ali and Fatima (a.s) fasted for three consecutive days and they gave their Iftar to a beggar, an orphan and a captive who arrived at their door and asked for food. Ayahs 8 and 9 of Surah Dahr were revealed to illustrate their charitable nature: “And they give food, for the love of Allah to the poor, the orphan, and the captive. (Saying): ‘We feed you seeking Allah’s pleasure only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you.” It was from outside this house that the Holy Prophet (s.a), for 9 months, at the time of every salat, would call out loudly: “Assalamo Alaikum Ya Ahlubaitin Nubuwwah” (Peace and blessings on the people of the Household of Nabi), after the revelation of Ayah 132 of Surah Taha:“ And enjoin prayer on your followers, and adhere steadily do it. We do not ask you for sustenance but We give you sustenance, and the success of the hereafter is for those who guard themselves against evil.”