In the name of Allah
The All Compassionate, the All Merciful
15 Muharram 1439 (6 October 2017)
Islamic Universal Association
20 Penzance Place, Holland Park
London, W11 4 PG
Sins in Islam- Part 7
According to Ayahs 18-29 of Surah Al-Shu′ara, which I had quoted last week, Moses went to Pharaoh as the Messenger of the Lord of the universe and conveyed to him His message and invited him to worship Him and also to free the children of Israel whom he had enslaved. The following transpired:
1. Pharaoh reminded Moses that he was brought up by them and lived amongst them clearing indicating that he was not his son and Moses had in fact been brought up in their house for he said: “Did we not cherish you as a child and did you not dwell amongst us for years.”
2. “Until you did what you did? You are ungrateful.” Pharaoh was evidently alluding to the murder committed by Moses accidentally. Moses said he did what he did when he did not receive guidance, wisdom or knowledge, which is granted by Allah (s.w.t) alone. Moreover, with regards to the favor Moses reminded him that if it was not for his barbarism, his mother would not cast him into the river and he would happily been brought up in his own home.
3. Moses said that he had been sent by the Lord of all creation with the message to him that he should let the Israelites go with him. It clearly implied that the One, whom Moses represented, possessed authority and sovereign rights over the people of the entire world, including Pharaoh.
4. When Pharaoh asked Moses about the “Lord of the world” who was conveying a command to the King of Egypt through an ordinary subject of his kingdom, Moses replied: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and what is between them both .…”
5. Moses explained to the court of Pharaoh that he does not believe in the false gods whom they worship, whereas he believes in the sovereignty and authority of that Lord who is both their Lord and Pharaoh’s Lord as much today as He was yesterday. If they are wise they would be aware as to who the real lord is; Pharaoh who is ruling over a small piece of earth, or He who is the owner of the east and the west and of everything in it.
6. Pharaoh called him insane and a liar and accused him of committing sorcery and corrupting his people and if he did not desist from taking any god other than him as his lord, he would imprison him. I quote below relevant Ayahs 23, 24 and 26 from Surah Al-Ghafir: Indeed We sent Moses with Our signs and clear authority, To Pharaoh, Haman and Korah but they called him, “A sorcerer and a great liar!
“Let me slay Moses myself and let him call upon his Lord; verily I fear he
might change your religion, or that he might cause mischief in the land!”
Indeed all messengers of God have tried their utmost to make the worldly rulers acknowledge the sovereignty of the Lord of the worlds, but they in turn have not only claimed sovereign powers and rights for themselves, but they have considered every such person as a criminal and rebel. With this background one can easily understand the real significance of Pharaoh’s words. He refused to give up the creed of his forefathers, but what caused him provocation was that Moses was presenting himself as the representative of the Lord of the worlds and was conveying to him a political command as if he was a subordinate ruler and was demanding obedience from him. Hence, he was not prepared to acknowledge any other political or legal authority, nor allow any of his subjects to acknowledge anybody other than him as the supreme ruler.
Imam Hussain (a.s)
Today is the first Friday after the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) and I would like to offer my condolences to Imam Mahdi and to the followers of the Ahlul Bait. I quote below some advice and prayers of Imam Husain (a.s):
1. Before leaving Medina, Husain (a.s) visited the tomb of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet (s.a), and prayed: “O’ Allah! This is the resting-place of Your beloved Prophet and I am his grandson. You know well the present situation I am in, and You know what is in my heart. I invoke You, O’ Lord, to keep me, by the grace of this holy place, firmly steadfast in my pursuit of whatever meets with Your pleasure and the pleasure of Your Prophet.”
2. Imam Husain (a.s) addressed his companions and family on the night before the battle of Karbala: “I thank Allah to the best of my ability and praise Him during the time of my weal and woe. O’ Lord! I thank You because You have honored us by means of Prophet hood, taught us the Quran, made us comprehend the religion and its commandments, granted us eyes, ears and hearts, kept us free from the pollution of polytheism and enabled us to thank You for Your blessings.
Indeed, I have never heard nor seen any companion more loyal or honest than my companions and any relatives more righteous and caring than my relatives. May Allah reward you with the best of His rewards. Verily, I do believe that tomorrow is our destined day to face these enemies. Know that whosoever stays here will be killed tomorrow and thus, I grant you all permission to depart secretly by taking advantage of the darkness of the night and free from any obligation towards me. Those people are after my blood. Should they get me, they will stop searching for any other…”
3. On the day of Ashura, when Imam Husain (a.s)’s companions stood by him and refused to leave, he addressed them along the following lines: “O honorable companions, be patient for death is a bridge that you have to cross to enter heaven and you will be free from all difficulties and torment. Who does not desire to enter heaven from a place of torment? Your enemy will, however, enter hell from this place. My father had narrated from the Holy Prophet that this world is heaven for the disbelievers and a prison for the believers.”( Nahjal-Shahada P:198)
4. Imam Hussain (a.s.) delivered a short sermon to his relatives and companions on the 10th of Muharram. After praising and glorifying Allah (s.w.t) he said: “Verily Allah, the Sublime, has intended that you will be martyred like myself and thus you should forebear and be ready for the great tribulation and ordeal. Allah will support you and take care of you and very soon you will be free from the torment of your enemies. They will be punished severely and you will be blessed enormously. Be patient and do not say or do anything that would adversely affect your reward.” (Nahjul-Shahada P:223)