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17 Rabiatl-Thaani 1439 (5 January 2018)

 

In the name of Allah

The All Compassionate, the All Merciful

17 Rabiatl-Thaani 1439 (5 January 2018)

Islamic Universal Association

20 Penzance Place, Holland Park

London, W11 4 PG

                                         

 

Sins in Islam- Part 20

Prior to analyzing the Ayahs on evil (Sayyea), I quote below a few more Ayahs from the Holy Quran:

 

Ayahs 79 and 110 Surah An-Nisa: “What good happens to you (O man) is from God and whatever evil befalls you is from your own selves….

Whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks pardon of God, shall find God oft-Forgiving, Merciful.”

Ayahs 102 of Surah Baraat: “And there are others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a good act with an evil one; God may turn to them in mercy; God is oft-Forgiving, Merciful.”

Ayahs 25 of Surah Yunus: “God calls you to the abode of peace and guides whomsoever He pleases to the right path.”

Ayahs 11,18 and 22, Surah Ar-Ra’d: “…. when God decrees to punish anyone,  there is none to repel His punishment; there is none besides Him to protect.

 … those who does not respond to Him, even if they had all that is in the earth and the like thereof, they would certainly offer it for a ransom; for them shall be the terrible reckoning, and their abode will be hell, and what a wretched resting place it will be!

Those who are patient, seeking the pleasure of their Lord, establishing prayer, spending benevolently of what We have provided them with secretly and openly and warding off evil with good deeds; for these are the happy attainment of the eternal abode.”

Ayah 27 of Surah An-Nahl: “…Those who are endowed with knowledge will say: “Verily! Disgrace this Day and the evil is upon the disbelievers.”

Ayahs 5, 11 and 62 of Surah An-Naml: “They are those for whom there will be an evil torment in this world, and in the hereafter they will be the greatest losers.

Save he who has committed injustice then succeeded his bad deeds with good deeds, for I am the oft-Forgiving, the all-Merciful.

Is not He Who responds to the distressed one, when he invokes Him, and removes the distress and makes you successors on earth? Is there any god other than God? Little do you reflect.”

Ayahs 8 and 43 of Sura Fatir: “Is he, then, whose evil deed is made alluring to him that he sees it as good? ….

Priding in the world, and plotting evil. Their evil plan shall beset none but the devisers themselves;….”

Ayahs 37 and 52 of Surah Al-Ghafir: “To heavens, so that I may mount up to reach the God of Moses, and I surely think he is a liar.” Thus was Pharaoh’s evil deed made fair-seeming to him, and he was turned away from the right path; and Pharaoh’s plot was only to his own ruin.

The Day when excuses shall not benefit the unjust ones, and for them shall be a curse; for them shall be an evil-abode.”

 

Second sermon

Importance of time and place in Islam -Part 1

Islam guides us not only to be aware of the importance of time, but it also teaches us how to value time and to use it wisely in order to increase our faith and thus attain success in this world and in the hereafter. We are reminded in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah that life in this world is temporary. We must therefore spend our time to fulfill our very purpose in life that is to worship Allah (s.w.t). I quote below some relevant Ayahs from the Holy Quran:

 

Ayah 36 of Surah Baraat: Indeed, the number of months with God is twelve in God’s Book since the Day He created the heavens and the earth. Of them four are sacred; that is the established religion; so do not be unjust therein to your own selves, and fight the polytheist’s altogether, even as they fight you altogether, and know that God is with the pious.”

Ever since Allah (s.w.t) created the heavens and the earth, the lunar year has been twelve months. Of them four are forbidden months, when fighting has been prohibited, namely Zil-Qa’dah, Zil-Hajj, Muharram and Rajab.

This Ayah has been revealed to refute the practice of the pagan Arabs who increased the number of months of a year to 13 or 14. Whenever it suited them they would declare a prohibited month to be an ordinary month in which fighting, robbery and murder in retaliation were lawful for them. They would then declare an ordinary month as prohibited to make up for the deficiency.

 

Ayah 189 of Surah Al- Baqarah:  “They ask you (Our Messenger Muhammad) about the new moon. Say: These are indications of the phases of time for men and for the pilgrimage….”

The phases of the moon have attracted the attention of man in every age and various rites and superstitions have been connected with them. The Arabs took omens from them for journeys, marriage ceremonies, business, etc., and performed some superstitious practices, for they believed that the phases and the eclipse of the moon affected their fortunes. Therefore they questioned the Holy Prophet (s.a) concerning this and the aforesaid Ayah was revealed to inform them that the phases of the moon were nothing but natural phenomena to indicate dates of the month. Hajj has been specially mentioned here because of its religious, cultural and economic importance. Four months of the year were fixed for Hajj and Umrah during which war was suspended and the routes were made safe and business flourished on account of peace.

 

Ayah 103 of Surah An-Nisa: “When you have finished the prayer, remember God standing, sitting and reclining; but when you are free from danger, continue to perform the prayer; indeed, the prayer is enjoined upon the believers at a timed ordinance.”

This Ayah emphasizes that salat is an obligation that must be performed at specific times during the day and night, as explained in Ayah 78 of Surah Bani Isra’il: “Establish prayer regularly from sunset until the darkness of the night, and the recital at dawn; verily the recital at dawn is witnessed.”

 

Ayah 197 of Surah Al-Baqarah: “The Hajj is in the well-known months. So whosoever undertakes the pilgrimage therein, let there be no sexual intercourse, nor bad language, nor wrangling during the pilgrimage; and whatever good you do, does God know it. So make provisions for your journey and

the best provision is piety, and fear Me, O you people of understanding.”

Hajj is the annual gathering of Muslims in Mecca.  To be continued

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