In the name of Allah
The All Compassionate, the All Merciful
22 Jamadial-Awwal 1439 (9 February 2018)
Islamic Universal Association
20 Penzance Place, Holland Park
London, W11 4 PG
Sins in Islam Part 25
There are 80 Ayahs or thereabouts in the Holy Quran relating to repentance (tawbah) which clearly indicates that Allah (s.w.t), the Merciful, invites His servants to return to Him even after they have committed evil or sinful deeds. These Ayahs are divided into two categories: one that deals with Allah (s.w.t)’s said invitation and the second category advises man about the time and conditions of tawbah. I quote below some Ayahs relating to the first category:
Ayah 37 and 222 of of Surah Al-Baqarah: “Adam learned certain words from his Lord, and God turned to him mercifully, for verily He is oft-turning in mercy, the Most merciful.
… God loves those who turns to Him constantly and loves those who purify themselves.”
Ayah 39 of Surah Al-Ma’ida: “Whoever turns to God repentant after his iniquity and reforms himself, verily God turns to him mercifully; indeed God is oft-Pardoning, Merciful.”
Ayah 153 of Surah Al-A’raaf: “Those who do evil deeds, and thereafter repent and truly believe, indeed your Lord after that is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Merciful.”
Ayah 104 of Surah At-Tawba: “They do not know that God accepts repentance from His votaries and appreciates alms-giving, and God is oft-Returning to mercy, the Merciful.”
Ayah 52 of Surah Hud: “And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and turn repentant unto Him; He sends clouds on you pouring down abundant rain, and He adds strength to your strength. Do not turn back as guilty ones.”
Ayah 82 of Surah Taha: “And verily I am the Most forgiving to the one who repents believes and does good deeds, and continues to follow the right path.”
Ayah 31 of Surah An_Nur: “… and turn to God all of you, O believers, so that you may be successful.”
Fatima (a.s)’s personality
These days are known as the Fatimiyya days and it is therefore appropriate for me to discuss Fatima (a.s)’s great personality.
Fatima (a.s) was bestowed with exceptional characteristics and distinctions and moreover the Holy Prophet (s.a.)’s guidance spruced her personality. She was very calm, serene and sober even in her childhood and spent most of her time in the exalted company of her parents where she gained her intelligence and maturity and from early in life she was fully detached from all allurements and fascinations of worldly life. She was distinguished amongst women in regards to knowledge, piety, ancestry and human excellence. She was the hope and desire of all the prophets for she manifested each and every honorable characteristic and eminence. She was not an ordinary woman, but a divine woman and indeed the pride of the world.
As explained last week, Imam Sadeq (a.s) had narrated that Fatima (a.s) has nine names and titles, which were specifically chosen by Allah (s.w.t) and each of these names symbolizes her divine characteristics. After he mentioned her names, he asked one of his companions if he was aware of the meaning of ‘Fatima’. When the companion replied in the negative, the Imam explained: “Fatima means one who is protected and purified from all kinds of evil and my great grandmother, Fatima, has all the greatest attributes of respect and honor. Her followers are indeed protected from the fire of hell” The Imam has also said: “Whenever she prays and worships Allah, her light illuminates the heavens and like the stars it lights up the earth and its inhabitants.”
The meaning of her names are: Zahra (luminous), Siddiqah (the truthful), Tahirah (pure and virtuous), Mubarakah (filled with blessings and favors), Batool (separated from uncleanliness), Raziyah (pleased with the Will of Allah), Marziyah (lofty position and close to Allah), Zakiyah (purified from all kinds of evil), Muhadatah (one to whom the angels speak). Her other titles are: Ensiah (heavenly lady), Haniah (sympathetic), Shahidah (martyr), Afifah (chaste), Sabirah (patient), Alimah (learned), Madloomah (oppressed), Masoomah (infallible), Umme Al-Hassan (mother of Hassan), Umme Al-Hussain (mother of Hussain), Umme Al-Aimmah (mother of the Imams) and the Holy Prophet called her Umme Abiha (mother of her father), because she looked after him and cared for him with great tenderness and love. To be continued