In the name of Allah
The All Compassionate, the All Merciful
5 Rabial-Awaal 1439 (24 November 2017)
Islamic Universal Association
20 Penzance Place, Holland Park
London, W11 4 PG
Sins in Islam- Part 14
Studding the relevant Ayahs regarding the story of Musa (a.s) and Firuan:
Today I will study Ayahs of Surah Al-Shu′ara and Sura Thaha, which I had quoted over the past few weeks:
- Allah (s.w.t) sent prophets primarily to guide man. They were human beings who possessed exceptional characteristics and qualities and they were sometimes given extraordinary powers to face the trials and tribulations when carrying out their mission to worship Allah (s.w.t) alone. Allah (s.w.t) supported some of His messengers with miracles and irrefutable evidence proving that their prophethood was a matter of truth. The miracles granted to them were not only unique, they were also pertinent and relevant to the people to whom they were sent. When they saw a miracle they knew that it could not have been performed by an ordinary man.
- During the era of Moses magic and sorcery were very common in the land of Egypt. Therefore the miracles of Moses, such as his staff turning into a serpent and his hand glowing white, appealed to the people to whom he was sent to guide. At the time of Jesus, the Israelites were very knowledgeable in the field of medicine thus Jesus’ miracles included restoring sight to the blind, healing lepers and raising the dead, amongst other things. These are extraordinary events occurring only for prophets by the will of Allah (s.w.t).
- Moses’ encounter with the magicians at Pharaoh’s court explains the difference between magic and miracles. When the magicians, who used trickery and illusion, saw Moses produce a real serpent they knew at once that it was a miracle. That is why they fell down and prostrated to Allah (s.w.t). This was not done merely an an acknowledgment of their defeat at the hands of Moses but their falling to prostrate in submission to the Lord of the universe was an open declaration before thousands of Egyptians that what Moses had brought about was no magic at all, but a manifestation of the powers of Allah (s.w.t). Even when Pharaoh threatened to cut off their hands and feet from opposite sides and crucify them, they were not afraid and said: “We fear no harm; verily we shall return to our Lord. We wish that our Lord will pardon our wrong-doings for we are the first to believe.”
- 4. This also shows the extreme obstinacy and obduracy of Pharaoh, who even after witnessing a clear miracle and the testimony of the magicians, was still insisting that it was magic. After his defeat, he decided to kill Moses and his supporters, but Allah (s.w.t) revealed unto Moses “Go forth with My servants by night; you will be pursued.”
- Pharaoh intended to crush the Israelites completely, but Allah (s.w.t) turned the tables on him and drew out all his chiefs and courtiers from their dwelling places and drove them to the place where they and their hosts were to be drowned all together. Had they not pursued the Israelites, they would have continued to enjoy life in their fine dwellings as before, but their cleverness did not avail them. Not only did the Israelites succeed in escaping from Egypt, but also at the same time the elite of Pharaoh’s tyrannical kingdom perished in the sea.
- Firuan made propaganda against of Musa tolled people that he wants dismissed you from your mother’s land.
- Musa before starting the challenge warned all in particular the magicians that they will face Allah’s punishment if they calumniate Allah (S.W.T) falsely.
- Magicians accepted their fail, believed in Allah (S.W.T) and Musa’s invitation.
- Magicians said to Firuan whatever you want to do we don’t mind because we fund the reality, however you can judge in this world but on the day of resurrection Allah (S.W.T) will be the Judge .
- Magicians confessed about their faults and sins that don by them for many years and people follow Firuan by their support. To be continued
The blessed month of Rabial-Awaal
Today is the first Friday of the blessed month of Rabial-Awaal, the third month in the Islamic calendar. It is a highly significant month and according to Islamic references some very important events occurred during this month, which is enumerated below:
- Emigration of the Holy Prophet (s.a) from Mecca to Medina (Hijrat), which started on the 1st of Rabial-Awwal.
- Quba mosque was built during this blessed month.
- Hazrat Fatimah Masoomeh died on the 4th of Rabial-Awwal.
- Imam Hassan Askari (s.a) was martyred on the 8th of Rabial-Awwal
- The 9th of Rabial-Awaal is a day of rejoicing and celebration as it is the anniversary of the first day of Imam Al-Mahdi (a.t.f) ’s Imamate.
- Eid-e-Zahra falls on the 9th of Rabial-Awaal. 3/4 years after the tragedy of Karbala, joy and happiness were restored to the family of the Ahlul Bait. From the day of the tragedy in 61 Hijri up to this day, the family of the Holy Prophet (s.a) have mourned and grieved the martyrdom of Hussain (a.s).
- The Holy Prophet (s.a)’s grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, died on the 10th of Rabial-Awaal
- The Holy Prophet (s.a) married Khadijah on the 10th of Rabial-Awaal.
- According to Sunni scholars and some Shia scholars as well the the Holy Prophet was born on the 12th of Rabial Awaal. However, according to most Shia scholars he was born on the 17th of Rabial-Awaal.
- Imam Jaffar Sadeq (a.s) was born on the 17th of Rabial Awaal.
- Abu Talib, the Holy Prophet (s.a)’s uncle, died on the 28th of Rabiul-Awaal
All the above events have made this month highly significant and important, but the birth of the Holy Prophet (s.a) has made this month even more special and sacred for the Muslims of the world.
Hijrat -Part 1
Hijrat or the migration of the Holy Prophet (s.a) was one of the greatest events in the history of Islam. It has many blessings for Muslims and a very valuable lesson for man. Although the Holy Prophet (s.a) lived in Mecca for 13 years after he commenced his mission, the Islamic calendar was officially set after his migration to Medina. This migration became sacred and valuable and people who migrated with him from Mecca to Medina were called Muhajirs. Medina was called Yathrib before this migration, but after the Holy Prophet (s,a)’s arrival there, it became known as Medinatun Nabi (The City of the Prophet). I will discuss in greater detail about the details of the event, its importance and the place where the Holy Prophet (s.a) stayed when he first arrived at Medina. However, today I will enlighten you about the reason that led to this migration.
When the Holy Prophet (s.a) was in spiritual retreat in the cave of Hira, about 3km from Mecca, he was chosen by Allah (s.w.t) to become a prophet and was given the mission of propagating the new religion of Islam. Prior to this, he propagated his mission in secret for some time. At that moment the first chapter of the Holy Quran was revealed to him. This occurred on the 27th of Rajab when he first embarked on his divine mission at dawn in Mecca while he was in the cave of Hira. Gabriel came to him and conveyed the following message of Allah (s.w.t): “Read: In the name of thy Lord Who created man. He created man from a clot. Read: thy Lord is most Bountiful, who taught by the pen, taught man that he knew not.” (Ayahs 1-5, Surah Al-Alaq). He was thus officially chosen as the last Messenger of Allah (s.w.t) and from that day onwards the flow of divine messages continued for the next 23 years.
The Holy Prophet (s.a) was well aware of the fact that people who were plunged in prejudice, superstition and ignorance would not abandon their beliefs and ways easily and that it would take extensive struggle, severe hardships, and sincere self-sacrifice to save them from the pit of corruption and guide them onto the path of virtue and monotheism. He could easily read in the faces of the people of Mecca, the opposition to Islam and their bigoted determination to fight the Muslims. This divine foresight of the Prophet of Islam had given him a dark image of the future. With such an insight and divine knowledge, he held high the banner of prophecy and adopted patience and tolerance. He struggled with the enemies of Islam in Mecca for 13 years and resisted all their torments and obstructions, but the opponents of Islam did not give up their devilish beliefs and manner and utilised all their power to destroy Islam.
As explained above, the Holy Prophet (s.a) after 13 years of his mission in Mecca finally left his home and moved towards the city of Medina. This migration or Hijrat was carried out on account of a conspiracy by the leaders of the Quraish to murder him and obliterate the truth and the laws against tyranny, oppression and injustice which the Holy Prophet (s.a) was in the process of establishing. In other words, their purpose was mainly to demolish the foundation of the Islamic state, the Sunnah of the tradition of the Prophet (s.a) and to thwart the revelation being delivered by Allah (s.w.t)’s messenger to mankind. Their plan was, however, unsuccessful as Allah (s.w.t) informed the Holy Prophet (s.a.) about their plan to kill him and ordered him to leave Mecca and for Ali (a.s) to sleep on his bed. To be continued